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网站建设-网站制作-网站设计之关于美国的电子政务建设
发布时间:2014-4-22 0:09:14  |  浏览次数:  |   来源:深圳市方与圆网络科技有限公司
Website - Website Design - on e-government of the United States Web Design



I. Overview
U.S. e-government originated in the early 1990s . 1980s , the U.S. government budget deficit is large, Congress and voters

Asked the Government budget cuts and improve efficiency. December 1994 , the U.S. government IT services group made up front " government IT services

King, " the report calls for the establishment of customer -oriented e-government , and ways to provide opportunities for people to get more government services . And in 1997

Developed

Called "Approaching America " program, the requirements from 1997 to 2000 , completed more than 120 assignments in government information technology applications

; In the early 2000s , government services for every citizen of the United States have achieved electronically, with the support of information technology , the efficiency of the government's work has great

Improved. In 1998, the United States adopted a " streamlined paperwork Law" , asked the U.S. government to achieve paperless work in five years , the federal government all

Work and services will be based on the information network .

Currently , the U.S. government websites have been quite perfect and mature. U.S. federal government agencies have an all access, state-level government

All the Internet , almost all cities and counties have their own sites. U.S. government website content is very rich, to the census site , for example, the user

Through an intuitive form of maps , view the state level and even at the county level of the population is extremely detailed statistics , including local engaged in various occupations

The composition of the population , and so on .

In 1993, when the Clinton administration to establish a " National Performance Review Committee '(National Performance Review Committee)

, Proposed the application of advanced information and network technology to overcome the U.S. government in the management and provision of services are drawbacks . Construction of " electronic government"

Become an important direction of government reform. December 1994 , the United States ' Government IT Services Group "(Government

Information Technology Services) emphasizes the use of information technology to assist the Government to interact with customers and establish customer-oriented electrical

E-government , in order to provide more efficient , easier to use the service to provide more opportunities to obtain government services and channels . In 1996, the U.S. government

Launching the " reinventing government ten strokes " , proposed to allow federal agencies at the latest in 2003 to achieve full Internet access, so that USA and China can have full access to the federal government

Grasp a variety of information . September 2000 , the U.S. government launched the "first government" website (WWW.Firstgov.gov). This is a large electronic

Website , the government aims to accelerate the feedback of citizens need to work to reduce intermediate links, so the American public can more quickly and easily understand the government ,

And to complete the bid on contracts in the same sites and government websites to apply for business loans . The U.S. government has launched online trading in

Across the country to achieve an online purchase of government bonds, as well as pay taxes online stamps , coins, such as the sale .

After the Bush administration took office, also said the federal government should use the Internet to help improve work efficiency , hoping to create a " dynamic, but

And limited " government , so that citizens have the ability in a more timely and effective manner , and federal government agencies to communicate. And regulations, 2002

Before the end of the year , all federal government departments over $ 250,000 in project procurement , the federal government must use a unified platform for e-procurement portal

Gradually become electronic procurement federal procurement standards .

A large number of Internet users , a good internet facilities for the United States to establish "e- government" has laid a solid foundation. In the United States , from the president to

General government workers , are on the " electronic government" building a positive attitude recognition and support .

According to statistics, the United States has 280 million people , about half of them use the Internet to varying degrees . From 1985 to 2000, the United States has the power

Brain proportion jumped from 15% to 60 %. So many people use computers and the Internet, is the United States to establish "e- government" good society

Conditions .

As the realization of government information , 1992 to 1996 , the U.S. government employees was reduced by 24 million people, nearly 2,000 offices closed , reducing

Spending $ 118 billion less . For residents and businesses in the services, 200 Bureau Government established the 3000 service standards, set aside more than 16,000

Page outdated administrative regulations , simplifying the more than 31,000 pages requirements.

In the U.S., the nation's employers tax administration system , the federal government establish a national procurement systems and transfer systems, networks , not only saves a lot of

The human, financial , and improved government transparency.

Second, the application

Currently, the IT sector in the U.S. government is mainly used in the following areas:

One is for government affairs . All levels of the U.S. government 's extensive use of powerful government website a lot of government information to the public . These letters

This information includes : the latest government leaders of important events and lectures, government work , the people to the government for registration , registration and other related matters

Information, and government -related research and support organization for information and so on. We can say that most of the people associated with government affairs , can

Timely access to detailed information through government websites. For example, in the U.S. Department of Education Web site , open the government -funded section, you can access to government

Government -funded projects and the specific requirements, including how to fill in the tender , how to apply , as well as details of previous projects funded so on.

The second is to provide online services. U.S. government websites , online services , most with a front-page column in the home position , is used to provide a variety of people

Inquiries, applications , payments, registration, license applications and other services . As these columns give full play to the advantages of the network, will belong to various government departments

Business together, and supporting the use of the payment system and the corresponding online , which has a "single window" , " stop" , " 24 hours

, "" Self-service "and other features , reflects the development direction of online virtual government , which greatly facilitates the work of people .

Third, the sharing of resources. Governments at all levels through the government website to provide public information resources public databases owned by the Government , thereby achieving

Cash bonus to the use of public information resources . For example, the City of Los Angeles used geographic information systems provide environmental information to the public inquiry , the public only

Need to type in your own home address , you can clearly understand the surrounding government departments, hospitals , schools and other associated with the life of the people on the map

Information of public service organizations. Various socio-economic statistical indicators , regional economic development, tourism resources, online library , online places

Figure out services are also provided by the government website .

Fourth, internal office electronically. Because the United States deal with various levels of government affairs are in strict accordance with relevant laws and regulations act , so its

No layers of government with the coercive power of government documents , the internal affairs authorities rely mainly on office issued an e-mail to transmit information , with

A traditional paper documents , written signature method is still used in dealing with some important issues . Its government agencies including internal office software

Document processing software and network security certification based on the e-mail system , and a variety of specialized business software. Notice of meeting , information transfer

Up , policy advocacy , regulations promulgated opinion surveys , have to deal with e-mail in order to speed up the flow of information.

Fifth, to provide security. Internal office of government departments generally have built a dedicated network , there are strict quarantine measures between the internal network and the Internet

Facilities, some or physical isolation. Confidential staff security awareness government agencies is very strong, its internal office network are generally not allowed outsiders to visit.

Overall, there are a considerable level of application of information technology in the U.S. government sector , we can say , the " electronic government" has begun to take shape

State . But there are many problems in construction , such as between levels of government , the states between the office network has not done associated net net , network platform,

There is no uniform standard safety technology , the application of different levels is still a bottleneck restricting electronic office , and so on .

U.S. government website content is very rich , with U.S. agricultural market services (AMS) as an example : AMS funded by the Government , in full

States to collect product prices, published daily agricultural market information through the Internet and other media aimed at helping citizens ( especially farmers

We ) understand the market, equal competition . And then to the U.S. government's " Crime Information Center " for example, it has a super image processing , fingerprint Discrimination , tube

Management automation functions, ordinary users in any micro- computer or mobile phone can be linked into the center to get a variety of information about the offender's

Information can be effective in helping authorities track down criminals. In addition, the Missouri state government also available to the public detailed information on child care and parent

Parent Helpline , while still online " adopted child photo book " so that adoptive parents who desire to enter the main open government

Pages, depending on the age of the children to see the details ; Connecticut State to the executive, judicial and legislative branches of government together and to residents if

What problems can be immediately imported 169 municipalities in any one associated with him ( her ) ; West Virginia government website only

To residents enter their Social Security number , you can see the situation of their tax breaks , the state also opened statewide employment database , content details

Detailed, categorized, easy to check , as well as complete the application form online.深圳网站建设,深圳网站制作,深圳网站设计,深圳网站优化,深圳做网站,深圳建站公司

U.S. government sites is the White House 's most famous sites , including the contents of both the formal solemn latest news and federal hot events , including representing

As relaxed about the president and vice president of the family briefings and other topics. The White House site is essentially a central site for all the official website of the United States , the

A complete list of the U.S. federal government sites on the site , can be connected to the U.S. government 's official Internet resource of all . Meanwhile the White House site

And all Cabinet-level ( equivalent of ministerial-level ) site offers a text search function , you can find on these sites keyword

All documents and articles.
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